Concussions cannot be seen.
What is a concussion?
A concussion is a mild head injury that can be caused by any forceful bump, blow or jolt to the head or body that results in rapid movement of the head. Many concussions go undetected because these injuries may or may not involve loss of consciousness and often do not show up on radiology imaging.
Signs and symptoms of a concussion
- Headache or “pressure” in the head
- Nausea or vomiting
- Balance problems or dizziness
- Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy or groggy
- Double or blurry vision
- Difficulty paying attention
- Memory problems
- Bothered by light or noise
- Thinking slowly
Seek medical attention if you experience:
- A headache that gets worse or does not go away
- Weakness, numbness or decreased balance
- Repeated nausea or vomiting
- Slurred speech
- Unusual behavior
- A change in recognition of people or places
- Increased irritability or emotional changes
- Eye strain or blurred vision while reading
- Difficulty concentrating or verbally communicating
For infants, seek medical attention if the child has any symptoms listed above, does not stop crying and cannot be consoled, or will not nurse or eat.
Treatment for a concussion
For athletes suffering from a concussion, the Concussion Care Plan must be followed to ensure a safe return to school and sport. It’s recommended the player rest for at least seven days. Concussion symptoms may return without resting mentally and physically. This means limiting video games, texting, TV, reading and school work. It’s important to follow any advice received by your medical provider.